• Spotlight on Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia

    After visiting a urologist for a prostate biopsy, some men receive a pathology report that mentions the presence of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). Continue reading for more information about PIN in prostate cells and to learn about the basics of this diagnosis.


    PIN refers to abnormal cells that are taken during a prostate biopsy, and it can be best described as a precancerous condition. If your pathology report mentions that PIN was found, then this means that changes were seen in the appearance of the prostate cells. However, these abnormal cells do not look as if they are growing into other areas of the prostate like cancer cells would.


    If PIN is detected in the cells taken during your prostate biopsy, then it will be classified as either low-grade or high-grade. Low-grade PIN means that the patterns of the prostate cells appear nearly normal. The presence of high-grade PIN indicates that the prostate cells appeared more abnormal.


    PIN can begin to show up in prostate cells of men that are in their 20s. Also, it’s not unusual for men to develop low-grade PIN at a young age that does not progress to prostate cancer. In fact, it’s unclear to urologists exactly what link there is between low-grade PIN and prostate cancer. On the other hand, if high-grade PIN is detected in your prostate cells, then the chance that there is cancer in another area of your prostate is about 20%.


    If PIN is detected in your biopsy, then speak with your urologist about what steps to take next. For most patients, even high-grade PIN does not progress to prostate cancer. For this reason, there may be no steps for you to take before your next regular biopsy. If you’re a patient with a higher risk of prostate cancer, then your urologist may recommend a repeat biopsy.

    Are you looking for a compassionate and experienced urologist in Nashville? If so, then please come and see us at Urology Associates, P.C. Call (855) 901-1338 for information about our services or to schedule your appointment.

  • What Are the Risk Factors for Male Infertility?

    Concerns about sexual health and infertility are more common among men than you might think. Consider talking to a urologist if you and your partner have been trying to get pregnant without success. The doctor may assess your risk factors of male infertility, which can include underlying medical problems such as sickle cell disease, tumors, and obesity. Men are also at a higher risk of infertility if they have a history of undescended testicles, testicular trauma, major pelvic or abdominal surgery, or long-term exposure to environmental toxins.

    Sometimes, treatments for medical conditions can affect a man’s fertility. Let your doctor know about all of the medicines you’re taking, and whether you’ve previously had cancer treatments. Expect the urologist to ask you some questions about your lifestyle. The use of tobacco, alcohol, and some illicit substances can increase the risk of infertility.

    Men in Nashville can find male infertility treatments that are effective and safe at Urology Associates, P.C. Call (855) 901-1338 to request an appointment with one of our urology specialists.

  • Is a Penile Prosthesis Right for You?

    Penile prostheses are stable and reliable prosthetic devices used in urology, and they are implanted in men who suffer from erectile dysfunction. Please watch this video to learn more about penile prostheses and whether one is right for you.

    The purpose of a penile prosthesis is to provide an erection, and it does not improve the cosmetics or sensitivity of the penis. Sexual dysfunction is common among men with urological problems, such as bladder cancer or prostate cancer, as well as those who have diabetes or vascular disease. Penile prostheses offer patients a stable way to manage this problem long-term.

    If you would like to improve your sexual health with ED treatment in Nashville , then look no further than Urology Associates, P.C. To learn more or make an appointment, please call (855) 901-1338.

  • Discover the Benefits of MonaLisa Touch

    Do you suffer from sexual dysfunction and painful intercourse due to vaginal dryness and other discomforts? If so, then it’s important to realize that it’s common for women to experience vaginal dryness and other changes after menopause, and MonaLisa Touch is a treatment option that may improve your sexual health by providing long-lasting relief. Keep reading to learn about the benefits of MonaLisa Touch.

    Simple Procedure

    If you’re like many women who experience vaginal discomfort due to a decline in estrogen levels, then you may have tried hormone therapy or estrogen creams and found that they were messy or ineffective. MonaLisa Touch is a laser treatment that takes less than five minutes to perform and is clinically proven to be effective. Patients experience no downtime or side effects, the procedure is performed in-office and without anesthesia, and, since 2008, thousands of women have been successfully treated.

    Effective Relief

    Treatment with MonaLisa Touch can improve your sexual health in many ways. After just a few treatments, many women experience an improvement in their dryness, burning, itching, laxity, and dyspareunia symptoms. Also, it’s common for women to experience some level of symptom relief after a single treatment.

    Life-Changing Results

    MonaLisa Touch works by delivering gentle, laser energy to the vaginal wall to enhance moisture levels, promote collagen production, restore proper trophic balance, and stimulate a healing response. Many women enjoy positive results in the first one to three treatments, and a typical course of treatment consists of three procedures conducted over a three-month period. MonaLisa Touch offers you an effective solution for vaginal dryness, burning, and itching that can provide you with life-changing results and help you regain your femininity.

    At Urology Associates, P.C., our urologists in Nashville offer specialized treatment for women’s sexual health issues. If you’re interested in benefiting from our MonaLisa Touch services, then please give us a call at (615)250-9265 to find out more or to schedule your appointment.

  • Exploring Common Types of Female Sexual Dysfunction

    Sexual dysfunction can refer to any sort of problem with any stage of sexual activity—from desire to orgasm. Just like in men, sexual health issues in women may be caused by physical health problems or psychological issues, or by a combination of these. Consider talking to a urologist about your sexual health concerns. Getting the treatment you need may improve your quality of life and restore your intimate relationship. You might even discover that you have an underlying medical condition that needs treatment, such as diabetes or heart disease.

    Arousal Disorders

    The sexual stimulation that precedes intercourse may be physical, mental, or emotional. Sexual stimulation results in physical changes like vaginal secretions and emotional changes like heightened sexual interest. Women with arousal disorders fail to experience these changes. It’s still possible for physical changes to occur, but without the woman experiencing a heightened awareness of them. Sexual arousal disorders can have psychological causes, such as depression, anxiety, and stress, and they can have physical causes, such as hormonal imbalances and atrophic vaginitis.

    Desire Disorders

    Female hypoactive sexual desire disorder is generally defined as a lack of desire for sexual activity that causes psychological distress or strained intimate relationships. Like arousal disorders, desire disorders can be caused by both physical and psychological problems. These include depression, low self-esteem, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.

    Orgasmic Disorders

    Women with orgasmic disorders might not experience problems with desire or arousal, but they do have difficulty achieving orgasm. Sexual health experts suggest that orgasmic disorders may affect as many as one in every three women . This sexual health problem may stem from older age, prior gynecological surgery, history of sexual abuse, or medical conditions like diabetes.

    Sexual Pain Disorders

    Some women suffer from pain during or after sex. In menopausal women, atrophic vaginitis is a common cause. Younger women may experience sexual pain disorders because of interstitial cystitis, the involuntary contraction of the vaginal muscles, endometriosis, or a history of sexual abuse.

    Women’s Institute for Sexual Health (WISH) at Urology Associates, P.C. provides the compassionate, confidential care that women deserve. Our sexual dysfunction treatments available in Nashville reflect the latest scientific advances in the field. Call us today at (615)250-9265 to request an appointment with a WISH provider.