Cancerous cells are abnormal cells that grow in an uncontrolled manner.
Eventually, the mass of abnormal cells can form a tumor. Cancerous cells
can also spread well beyond their point of origin, making treatment more
complicated and less likely to result in a favorable outcome. For these
reasons, it’s important for men to understand their risk factors
of cancers such as
penile cancer, which originates at the penis. Another cornerstone of being a proactive
patient is learning to recognize the potential signs of a urology health
issue and seeking medical evaluations promptly.
Risk factors can refer to anything that raises the risk of developing a
certain disease. It’s important to bear in mind that having one
or more risk factors of penile cancer does not mean that this cancer will
definitely develop. Similarly, it’s possible to develop penile cancer
without having risk factors for it. That said, knowing your risk factors
can be helpful because this knowledge may guide your lifestyle choices
and medical care. Smoking, for example, is one risk factor of penile cancer.
Penile cancer is also associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection,
HIV/AIDS infection, and a combination treatment for psoriasis that involves
a medication and UV light treatment. Men who are uncircumcised are also
at a higher risk of penile cancer.
Signs and Symptoms
If any unusual
changes of the reproductive organs are noted, it’s advisable to seek a medical evaluation. Even if
these abnormalities are not caused by penile cancer, they may be indicative
of another medical condition that requires treatment. Men with penile
cancer will most often notice changes in the skin on the penis, usually
on the tip, but sometimes on the shaft. A lump, reddish rash, bleeding
sore, and thickened or discolored skin could indicate penile cancer. Other
signs include small bumps, bluish-brown growths, and swelling. If the
cancer has already begun to spread, the lymph nodes in the groin area
may become swollen.
Receiving a cancer diagnosis is devastating, but there is specialized cancer
treatment available in Nashville. At Urology Associates, P.C., our urology
team is committed to applying the latest medical technology and techniques
to support optimal outcomes for our patients. Patients diagnosed with
penile, testicular, or prostate cancer can contact us at (855) 901-1338
to request a consult.